Displaying items by tag: Nokia Bell Labs
Nokia Bell Labs and French research lab to examine human needs in all contexts of communications
Nokia and Inria, a French national research institute dedicated to promoting 'scientific excellence in the service of technology transfer and society as a whole', announced the renewal of their joint lab for a four-year period. The announcement took place during an event celebrating the 50th anniversary of Inria with Marcus Weldon, Nokia CTO and Nokia Bell Labs President, and Antoine Petit, Inria CEO.
"Nokia Bell Labs collaborates with the best academic teams in the world on solving the key technical challenges confronting humankind. Together, Inria and Bell Labs are collaborators and co-pioneers in this endeavor, with a rich and fruitful relationship over the past 20 years,” said Marcus Weldon, Nokia Chief Technical Officer and Nokia Bell Labs President.
“We have even higher expectations and plans for our future collaboration via our common laboratory centered on addressing the fundamental challenges of humans in the future connected world,” Weldon added.
Launched in 2008, the joint lab associates permanent researchers from the two partners with PhD students and postdoctoral researchers, sharing the same strategic vision to solve the key scientific challenges linked to the evolution of networks and network applications. The aim of this joint research is to offer users the benefits from required network and cloud resources for a contextual and personalized experience of the digital connected world.
The future networks will have to manage a multitude of connected objects, to host and interconnect massively distributed functions, to feature an unprecedented agility to support differentiated and demanding use cases like the connected car, industry 4.0, smart city and e-health. This will require strong guarantees in terms of security and privacy, while hiding the complexity through a high level of automation.
To achieve this aim, this new phase of the common lab will associate advanced research in information theory, machine learning, graph theory, game theory, cybersecurity, network virtualization and advanced control software.
The scope of the collaboration covers several research actions dedicated to information theory and algorithms to solve the challenges of IoT; analytics and machine learning to dynamically and automatically optimize the virtualized network; scalable distributed learning and control for augmented intelligence to operate complex IoT networks of dynamic elements; and cybersecurity to provide privacy, data integrity and resilience against intrusions.
"Inria develops the whole scope from research to applications in the area of computer science and applied mathematics. With leading companies, we operate joint labs that are focused on long term cooperation,” said Antoine Petit, Inria CEO.
“With Nokia Bell Labs we develop technologies that will power the future of networks and telecommunication. Our common goal is to produce new scientific results as well as new innovations that can enrich the technologies and products developed by Nokia. It is the DNA of Inria to go from high level research to industrial applications."
Nokia trials Asia's first fall prediction video analytics solution
Nokia has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with St Luke's Eldercare (SLEC) to co-develop and conceptualize innovative solutions for the elderly. As part of the MoU, Nokia and SLEC are trialing Asia's first fall prediction video analytics application.
SLEC is an aged-care service provider with an extensive network of senior care centers around Singapore, providing center-based daycare, day rehabilitation and nursing services; and home-based medical, nursing and therapy services.
The solution leverages Nokia Bell Labs' proprietary video analytics technology to create an unobtrusive and continuous monitoring system to determine the likelihood of an elderly person falling. The personalized and predictive solution will analyze information about walking speed, gait width and step width, and predict and send an alert when there is an increased risk of the person falling.
This application will be integrated into Nokia's IMPACT IoT Platform in the next phase, to allow the caregiver to view and collect information from the solution and other sensors that the elder is using.
"Our partnership with Nokia aligns with our commitment to meeting the evolving needs of our patients, clients and caregivers, and our long term vision of transforming community care,” said Dr. Kenny Tan, Chief Executive Officer of SLEC. “We hope that by trialing this solution with Nokia, it will enable significant improvements on fall risk prediction, early intervention, and care provision before seniors suffer an injury."
A joint study on eldercare IoT innovation, developed by Nokia and the Eden Strategy Institute, revealed that one-in-three elderly Singaporeans is likely to experience a fall once a year, with resulting injuries contributing at least S$1 billion to total healthcare costs.
Being an experienced aged-care service provider with an extensive network of senior care centers around Singapore, SLEC's role is to provide guidance and feedback on the software development process.
"Nokia is committed to transforming digital healthcare and our innovative solutions aim to make a real difference in the lives of people,” said Danial Mausoof, head of Strategic Marketing, Asia Pacific & Japan for Nokia. “By empowering the elderly to live independently through personalized and predictive solutions, we are shaping the future of technology to transform the human experience, accelerating a digital future and reimagining healthcare in Asia."
Nokia joins UK’s Bristol Is Open smart city solutions initiative
Nokia has joined the Bristol Is Open initiative, becoming the first major telecoms vendor to participate in Bristol's unique living laboratory and underlining its commitment to smart city solutions, an increasingly important part the connected world.
Bristol Is Open (BIO) encompasses the entire city, effectively transforming it into a dynamic test bed to explore how integrated technology solutions can benefit citizens - from helping solve problems such as traffic congestion, air pollution and assisted living for the elderly to trials of self-driving cars. BIO is a joint venture between the University of Bristol and Bristol City Council and it is funded by local and national government and the European Union, along with academic research funding and financial backing from the private sector.
Nokia was invited to join the project because of its track record in developing solutions for smart, sustainable cities, and its long history of collaborative research, including the Nokia-founded IoT Community for cross-industries collaboration.
Experts from across the company - including Nokia Bell Labs, who already have a strong relationship with Bristol University, particularly in the area of photonics - will provide consulting services to Bristol Is Open, while Nokia's IP networking division will provide network and infrastructure support. In addition, Nokia's application ecosystem program ngConnect will bring an extensive range of additional applications, ideas and companies into the BIO development program.
Small sensors, including the smartphones and, in the future, GPS devices of willing citizens, will supply information about many aspects of city life, including energy, air quality and traffic flows to the three new fast networks in the centre of the city. The high-powered operating system developed by Bristol University will dynamically host this machine-to-machine communication, allowing the development of a wide range of applications that are linked to the various sensors and actuators deployed across the city.
The BIO initiative was spurred by the continual need for sustainable growth, taking into account an increased awareness of pollution and the City Council's desire to offer an improved range of services to its citizens. The initiative promotes smart city growth within the UK and across Europe as governments seek to meet environmental targets.
Barry French, Nokia's chief marketing officer, said: "There is a great deal of talk around smart cities, but there are not many places where talk has led to action. This innovative program will show what can be achieved by bringing together experts from various technology areas to deliver integrated solutions that actually improve people's lives, a fundamental principle driving our everyday work."
Demand for mobile content could outpace the ability of service providers
Surging consumer and business demand for mobile content, either at home or on the go, will outpace the ability of service providers to provide it unless investments are accelerated in areas like 5G and the cloud, according to a report by Bell Labs Consulting, a division of Nokia Bell Labs. The report focuses on the future of wireless networking for the new digital era by offering a unique perspective on the intrinsic demand for wireless capacity through 2020. It analyzed the future demand for digital content and services, rather than just looking at past and current mobile traffic trends.
Across the study’s five identified application areas: — streaming, computing, storing, gaming and communicating — Bell Labs Consulting found that audio and video streaming will be the highest contributors to the increased traffic demand in coming years, accounting for a 79 percent total increase by 2020.
Bell Labs Consulting models show that by 2020, 67 percent of the worldwide consumption demand forecast can be met by Wi-Fi. Another 14 percent can be addressed by the current adoption rate of 3G, LTE, small cells and the emergence of new technologies such as 5G. Between now and 2020, that leaves 19 percent of demand unable to be satisfied based on current and projected economics. Thus, network operators will need to accelerate their path to 5G and cloud technologies, such as network function virtualization (NFV) and software-defined networking (SDN), and adopt new business models to address the demand gap.
The emerging unknown in the network equation is IoT. The number of IoT connected devices is expected to grow from 1.6 billion in 2014 to between 20 and 46 billion by 2020. Of this total, cellular IoT devices will be between 1.6 billion and 4.6 billion in 2020. Despite this massive adoption, the overall cellular traffic generated by IoT devices will only account for 2 percent of the total mobile traffic by 2020 until video-enabled sensors and cameras begin to predominate.
However, even in the near term IoT traffic will generate a substantially higher volume of signaling traffic relative to data traffic. For example, a typical IoT device may need 2,500 transactions or connections to consume 1 MB of data, while the same amount of data can be consumed in a single mobile video connection. As a result, daily network connections due to cellular IoT devices will grow by 16 to 135 times by 2020 and will be three times the connections initiated by human generated traffic.
Other key findings in the report include the following:
- By 2020, global consumption demand for digital content and services on mobile and portable devices will see a global average increase of 30 to 45 times from 2014 levels — with some markets experiencing as much as a 98-fold jump.
- Region to region, the unaddressed consumption demand ranges from 3 to 36 percent, globally averaging around 19 percent.
- In North America, video communications traffic will rise from 47 to 86 percent, driven by millennial teens and young adults. As video calls and conferencing rises, email traffic will fall, from the 47 percent of communication traffic it represented in 2014 to about 7 percent in 2020. Meanwhile messaging will become a more dominant form of communications.
- The majority of streaming, about 66 to 74 percent, will come from home-based networks — driven by more content and larger, higher-resolution devices.
- There will be significant growth in upstream IoT video streaming after 2020.
Virtual reality-based services will not be a major component of traffic growth in the next few years, although it is expected to contribute significantly to demand between 2020 and 2025.
Nokia Bell Labs launched its consulting division in March 2015, in order to apply deep analysis, hands-on experience and sophisticated techno-economic modeling tools to some of the key challenges facing the IT and communications networking industry. In this study, rather than extrapolate future mobile traffic demand based on current baselines and growth rates, Bell Labs Consulting presents demand models built from the ground up based on its own research and available external data.
Marcus Weldon, president of Nokia Bell Labs and CTO, noted, “The next evolution of humankind will involve ‘life automation’, and the creation of a world in which billions of interconnected things including smart objects, cameras, robots, sensors and processes exchange real time video and data streams – not only with people, but with cloud-based systems that extract knowledge from this data and perform tasks to make our work and home lives more convenient and our environments more intelligent. This new digital era will produce a dramatic shift in demand, challenging mobile operators to achieve the highest performance at the lowest cost per bit while supporting extensive personalization.”
Interview with Fuad Siddiqui about Nokia Bell Labs’ recently published ‘Future X Network’
Active Telecoms catches up with Fuad Siddiqui, Bell Labs Consulting Partner and Global Head of Business Strategy and New Markets, Nokia, to discuss the future vision as laid out in the recently published Bell Labs book titled 'Future X Network'.
What is Future X Network all about? As the first book to come out of Bell Labs, what was the inspiration behind the idea?
We are at the nexus of a human technological revolution that will be different than any prior era, as it will simultaneously be both global and local, with innovation occurring everywhere. The global-local collision of markets and technologies will make this technological revolution one of the most disruptive and far-reaching. It will make the first 'information age' driven by the creation of the internet and the web seem more like a preamble than an age in itself.
Bell Labs has been exploring limits of current technologies and architectures with a view to 2020 and beyond, creating a vision for the new digital era. Rather than keeping this vision internal to the Labs, we're sharing it with the industry at large, with the goal of fostering an informed discussion of the future network, a common understanding of its potential to transform human existence and the essential investments needed to bring it about.
What is the essential vision of the Future X Network and when can we expect the ideas discussed to take shape?
There are three key drivers behind the Future X Network vision:
- A new dynamic approach to networks that creates the sense of seemingly infinite capacity by pushing beyond current technological limits to create a new cloud-integrated network that not only provides essential input and output mechanisms, but also intelligence.
- The rise of internet-connected machines and devices that will send and receive a massive amount of new digital information, as well as reshape the manufacturing landscape with a diverse array of 3D printers - reversing the current trend in developed countries of off-shoring manufacturing to lower-cost countries.
- New data analysis techniques based on inference of needs and information. New augmented intelligence systems will use the smallest amount of digital information, derived from the massive amount of data collected, to infer what is needed in each situation and context, to assist - not replace - human intelligence.
Future X, where X characterizes this vision, denoted by multiple factors of 10 - we see this as a 10 year journey, resulting in multiples of 10 times, the scale in devices, cloud and network infrastructure. X also represents the unknown variable that characterizes the inherently variable nature of this future, which depends on successfully solving for multiple technological and economic factors.
How will the rise of smart internet-connected machines shape future societies?
The big transformation shaping the future will be led by businesses. We're going to change, connect and inter-connect things... infrastructure, shipping palettes, building, rails, transport, governments, anything that you can imagine not instrumented today is going to be connected, triggering a multitude of new use-cases and applications.
Global internet traffic today is estimated at 1 ZB; with an evolutionary view, projections show 2.5 ZB by 2020. However, considering digitization of everything, a 1.5X of evolutionary scenario emerges, fueled by IoT video, high dynamic range (video), digital objects, immersive communication and edge cloud apps.
Another way to imagine the impact is connected sensors estimated to be at around 1 billion today. Assuming 6 billion people each having hundreds of sensors providing information, a trillion sensors 'eventually' is not out of the question. This suggests a thousand- fold growth. We are nowhere. We've got all that transformation ahead of us. Digitizing and connecting our world in ways that make economic sense will be transformative for societies.
One of the drivers or 'disruptions' behind the Future X Network is intelligent cloud-integrated networks. What will this bring to societies of the future?
One of the key attributes we need to look at and has a relation to high, low bandwidth, is latency. One of the changes we're going to see because we are instrumenting machines and processes to control those machines, is we need to get to very low latency. Future, real-time services, such as augmented reality apps, operating smart highways, achieving tactile levels of remote surgery, all require a new kind of high performance, low latency network, to be able to respond dynamically to human behavior.
Let's take an example of flying drones. While military drones can be controlled from halfway around the world, interaction is possible because they have sophisticated on-board processing and are capable of flying without the need for real-time, low-latency feedback to the pilot thousands of miles away.
But, this sophistication comes with a price, which excludes this technology from use in more cost-sensitive applications that have the potential to transform enterprise or vertical industry segments. If the cost were not prohibitive, clusters of low-cost robots could be used to allow remote operators to inspect and repair critical civil infrastructure, for example, bridges, gas and water mains and sewers. This tradeoff suggests that an application in the edge cloud could provide local coordination among them and reduce the requirements for human-machine interaction.
The cloud-integrated network addresses such (near) real-time digital automation needs. It blurs the lines between application, device and network functionality by linking together device software functions with application and network functions in dynamic service chains, on demand. This is how a network of seemingly infinite capacity will be created, to optimally serve the digital needs of all people, processes and things.
With such dramatic technological advancement, what business model and competitive shifts do you envision impacting telecom service providers?
We see four key technology dimensions (connectivity, cloud, content and control) and four key market dimensions (global, local, enterprise and consumer) fuelling a new global-local duality of service providers with either global or local focus. This will inspire a form of dynamic competition and partnership models, where businesses will have to invent, re-invent and adapt as they operate and collide in the same or complimentary spaces. The competitive shifts will result in:
- A set of approximately 10 global service providers (incl. webscale companies) that offer global connectivity, cloud and contextualized control and content (C&C).
- A set of approximately 100 local cloud-integrated network providers that offer domestic, hyper-local connectivity, edge cloud and contextual C&C services.
- Formation of global-local alliance framework that connects and interworks the local and global service providers, similar to the airline industry.
What constraints do you foresee for the concepts represented in the Future X Network, and the role of Bell Labs Consulting in addressing them?
With this new digital era, the laws of business survival are being redefined, business models are being disrupted and businesses now have to decide whether to 'go with the flow', just react to change, or transform to become the 'business predator' and lead the charge.
At Bell Labs Consulting, we build techno-economic models that model the potential outcomes of implementing Future X Network vision. We bring our research and innovation to bear through a "trusted advisor” relationship to help businesses connect technology decisions to financial success.
Bell Labs Consulting has been operating globally in telco and non-telco, enterprise and verticals segments. We are now seeing careful reflection and heightened interest across Middle East and Africa. The region now needs to decode the economics of future vision and the most efficient transformation path given the starting point.
The industry will have to embrace change and agility, build risk appetite and learn through failing fast and often, but at Bell Labs we can help to minimize the mistakes and maximize the value of successes in a hyper-connected digital world.